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Wednesday, July 30 2014 @ 05:09 PM UTC

Selected Vehicle Characteristics, Requirements, and Restriction in Maryland Law

Biking in Maryland
Motorcycles Motor Scooters Mopeds Bicycles Motorized Minibikes, Pocket Bikes, etc
Defined as Motor Vehicle? Yes 11-135a No 11-135b No 11-135b n/a Yes 11-134.4
Defining Characteristics Motive power, seat or saddle, no more than 3 wheels, designed for speeds > 35 mph, is a type that must comply w/ all m/c Fed Motor Vehicle Safety Standards 11-136 Seat, step-thru chassis, 2 wheels 1 wheel = 10” = 2.7hp or = 50cc auto transmission Excludes off-road vehicles 11-134.5 2 or 3 wheels Pedals drive rear wheels, 1 wheel >14” = 1.5hp or = 50cc See Bicycle 11-134.1 Designed to be human powered 2 or 3 wheels, rear drive 1 > 14” 11-104 2 or 3 wheels not a motor scooter, moped, or farm tractor 11-134.4
Titling Required? Yes Yes, Effective October 1, 2012 Yes, Effective October 1, 2012 No No
Registration Required? Yes Titling Decal Required to be affixed to the rear of the vehicle Titling Decal Required to be affixed to the rear of the vehicle No, but locals can 25-102a8 No See locals permits 25-102a 15
Drv’s Lic Required? Yes Class M Drv License or Moped Oper Permit 16-101b Drv License or Moped Oper Permit 16-101b No No
Helmet Required? Yes 21-1306b Yes, Effective October 1, 2012 Yes, Effective October 1, 2012 If < 16 yrs Also Locals 21-1207.1 No
Passenger Allowed? If designed, & has seat & foot rests, for passenger 21-1302 & 1305 If designed, & has seat & foot rests, for pass 21-1203 If designed, & has seat, for passngr 21-1203 If designed, & has seat, for passenger 21-1203
Liability Insurance Required Yes Yes, operator must provide proof of insurance upon stop Yes, operator must provide proof of insurance upon stop No No
Allowed on Public Roads? Yes, except if =< 1.5hp or < 70cc prohibited from control access hwys & where SL > 50 mph 21-1303.1 Not on expway, Not on roadway if SL > 50mph or a smooth shoulder or a bike lane, w/exceptions 21-1205.1 Same as for Motor Scooters Same as for Motor Scooters No 13-401b
Road Position Requirements Same as other MVs Far right w/exceptions 21-1205 Far right w/exceptions 21-1205 Far right w/exceptions 21-1205 Not permitted on roadway
Allowed on Sidewalks? No 21-1103a No 21-1103a No 21-1103a By local ordinance 21-1103b No 21-1103a
Allowed on Paths & Trails? No 8-409e No 8-409e No 8-409h Yes 8-409e No 8-409i
Vehicle Equipment 21-1305 & Title 22 21-1207 21-1207 21-1207
Other Operator must sit astride the cycle 21-1302d Max speed 30 mph 21-1205.1c


From: http://www.gaithersburgmd.gov/documents/police/VehicleRestrictions.pdf

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