VEHICULAR MANSLAUGHTER – COMPARISON OF “GROSS NEGLIGENCE” THAT IS AN ELEMENT OF VIOLATION OF OFFENSE DEFINED IN CRIMINAL LAW ARTICLE §2-209 WITH “CRIMINAL NEGLIGENCE”
December 21, 2011
The Honorable Joseph I. Cassilly
State’s Attorney for Harford County
The New York court also differentiated between “negligence,” as used in civil cases, and “criminal negligence”:
Criminal liability cannot be predicated on every act of carelessness resulting in death ..... The carelessness required for criminal negligence is appreciably more serious than that for ordinary civil negligence[;]the carelessness “must be such that its seriousness would be apparent to anyone who share[s] the community’s general sense of right and wrong”.... Criminal negligence thus requires “some serious blameworthiness in the conduct that caused [the death]”... or some culpable “risk creation” ....