By my analysis the hang up is around "§ 21-1202. Traffic laws apply to bicycles and motor scooters." So what John has at his disposal he asserts is applicable to cyclists. But just as the Drivers' Manual fails to mention all the exceptions to our riding far right rule (such as when a lane is too narrow to share) they also fail to mention all the exceptions to § 21-1202. Bicycle law is more akin to Slow Moving Vehicles (SMV) then regular Motor Vehicles (MV) capable of doing the speed limit. So while it is illegal for a MV to go so slow that it impedes traffic a SMV is basically limited to stay in the right thru lane (unless making a left turn or avoiding hazards) and cycling rules are very similar.
The upside to all this there has been a lot of conversations around improvements at MVA and John is a pleasant person to talk with and very receptive to ideas but as far as bicycle laws he knows what he knows and that's that. Again let's wait till we see what others can do before jumping on anyone's case.
Update: I just got a call from John Kuo MVA Administrator he sends his apologies and they will be issuing a correction as well as putting information about how to drive safely around cyclists on the MVA web site. They will also be consulting with Peter Moe of Maryland Highway Safety Office who does a good job of presenting issues fairly, his work can be seen here
Good job to everyone who responded! We got some serious attention on this. Thank you.
Original alert after the fold. (No longer applicable.)
It is extremely harmful for MVA to incorrectly state:
- Cyclists have a duty not to impede motorized vehicles.
- Cyclist have the duty to move aside and let cars pass when there is no room for cyclists to move aside safely.
- Motorist do not have a duty to exercise due care and imply that it is legal to hit cyclists right in front of them.
- A bunch of made up rules that are not found anywhere else.
- Rules that run contrary to other published MDOT literature for the safe and legal operation of bicycles such as "Safe Bicycling in Maryland."
- I will also note 2/3 of bicycle fatalities are mid-block and a large component of that is a cyclist riding far right and unsafe passing by a motor vehicle, cars do not have a right to squeeze by any way they can.
(Note: most roads in Maryland are too narrow for a motorist and cyclists to safely share side by side but when this is not the case different rules apply then mentioned here.)
Cyclists basic legal lane position is based on width of the lane and if a bike lane exists and has nothing to do with a 15mph speed differential.
I am writing to demand a swift correction and disciplinary action taken against Mr. Young for giving false and misleading advice while falsely claiming/implying legal expertise as well as negligence in the discharge of his duty for MVA.
(Note: appropriate laws are referenced after the fold.)
Governor Martin O'Malley firstname.lastname@example.org ;
Secretary of Transportation Beverley Swaim-Staley email@example.com ;
Administrator of the Motor Vehicle Administration John Kuo firstname.lastname@example.org
and if you care to write the author of misstatements
Buel Young email@example.com ;
Excerpt from the Baltimore Sun
Buel Young, spokesman for the Motor Vehicle Administration.
According to Young, the bicycle "has all the rights and responsibilities" of any other vehicle. One of those responsibilities, he said, is to avoid impeding traffic.
But what does that mean? It turns out there's a very precise answer.
According to Young, a vehicle is impeding traffic if it is forcing following vehicles to slow down to more than 15 mph under the speed limit. Anything less and the driver just has to wait his turn.
Let's say you're driving along a winding country road with a speed limit of 35 mph and you come upon a bicycle in the middle of your lane, pedaling at 15 mph. The law says the bicyclist has the responsibility to move aside and let you pass.
But let's say the speed limit on that country lane is 25 mph. As long as the bicyclist can keep up a pace of 10 mph or more, the bicyclist has the right to use the traffic lane and the driver has no legal recourse but to slow down and exercise patience until the bicyclist moves aside or the double yellow ends. Blaring the horn to prod the bicyclist to move aside is unsafe, illegal and downright rude.
Now let's say the bicyclist is in the wrong – blithely hogging the travel lane while slowing the motorist to 20 mph under the speed limit. In that case, the buffer rule does not apply. But drivers who would prefer not to spend their day explaining that to police after a collision should keep their distance anyway.
§ 21-804. Minimum speed regulation.
(a) Slow speed impeding traffic prohibited.- Unless reduced speed is necessary for the safe operation of the vehicle or otherwise is in compliance with law, a person may not willfully drive a motor vehicle at such a slow speed as to impede the normal and reasonable movement of traffic.
(Note: a bicycle is not a motor vehicle and usually go as fast as they reasonably can (you can't be accused of purposely going slow if you are going as fast as you can.))
§ 21-1202. Traffic laws apply to bicycles and motor scooters.
Every person operating a bicycle or a motor scooter in a public bicycle area has all the rights granted to and is subject to all the duties required of the driver of a vehicle by this title, including the duties set forth in § 21-504 of this title, except:
(1) As otherwise provided in this subtitle; and
(2) For those provisions of this title that by their very nature cannot apply.
§ 21-1205. Riding on roadways or on highway.
(a) Riding to right side of roadway.- Each person operating a bicycle or a motor scooter at a speed less than the speed of traffic at the time and place and under the conditions then existing on a roadway shall ride as near to the right side of the roadway as practicable and safe, except when:
(1) Making or attempting to make a left turn;
(2) Operating on a one-way street;
(3) Passing a stopped or slower moving vehicle;
(4) Avoiding pedestrians or road hazards;
(5) The right lane is a right turn only lane; or
(6) Operating in a lane that is too narrow for a bicycle or motor scooter and another vehicle to travel safely side by side within the lane.