Hyponatremia: How To Recognize, Treat And Prevent It
Summer is here
The key is prevention. Determine your fluid
and sodium requirements and follow them. Remember
- A bloated athlete is overhydrated, the exact
opposite of dehydrated.
- Bloating is a red flag for hyponatremia.
- Mental changes plus bloating in an athlete
indicate hyponatremia with brain swelling, and represent a dire medical
- Don't be fooled by a bloated athlete who is not
urinating: he/she is overhydrated and on the way to hyponatremia if not
- Don't be fooled into thinking that an athlete
who is throwing up is becoming dehydrated. Vomiting is frequently a symptom of
- Do not give a bloated athlete any fluid (except
as a vehicle for salt).
- Give a bloated athlete salt.
- When it is hot and an athlete is distressed, do
not automatically conclude that the cause is dehydration and the remedy is
- Sweat typically has 1000 mg sodium/quart; a
typical sports drink has 440 mg sodium/quart. If during a sufficiently long
ride, you ingest nothing but sports drinks, you will become hyponatremic at