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Wednesday, August 24 2016 @ 04:10 PM UTC

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Study: States wasting billions on highways

Biking ElsewhereBy Keith Laing, The Hill

"The study "details how despite America’s massive repair and maintenance backlog, and in defiance of America’s changing transportation needs, state governments continue to spend billions each year on new and wider highways," according to the group, which typically pushes for more transit investment."

http://thehill.com/policy/transportation/266278-study-states-wasting-24-billion-on-unnecessary-highway-projects
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EVALUATING ACTIVE TRANSPORT BENEFITS & COSTS

Biking Elsewhere-> "Evaluating Active Transport Benefits and Costs; Guide to Valuing Walking and Cycling Improvements and Encouragement Programs" (http://bit.ly/18TNjbm) describes methods for evaluating the benefits and costs of active transport. Benefits include improved personal health for users and decreased environmental impacts for society. The report also discusses ways to increase walking and cycling activity, and concludes that many active transport benefits tend to be overlooked or undervalued in conventional transport economic evaluation.

from CenterLines, the e-newsletter of the National Center for Bicycling & Walking.
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The “Pedestrian Menace” and Vision Zero messaging

Biking ElsewhereVia BrooklynSpoke

"Even Polly Trottenberg told pedestrians “we all have a role to play” in making our streets safer, a comment she had to walk back. None of these things are what Vision Zero is about. But when the message is that everyone is in it together, those who are inclined to discount the awesome responsibility that comes with operating a multi-ton vehicle might think it’s awfully unfair that pedestrians who cross against a signal or who walk into the street with their eyes buried in a smartphone — even with the legal right of way — aren’t doing their part. “Come on, buddy! Take out the earbuds and pay attention! Be part of the solution, not the problem!”"

http://brooklynspoke.com/2016/01/12/the-pedestrian-menace-and-vision-zero-messaging/
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Driverless cars still confused by cyclists: Renault CEO

Biking ElsewhereVia CNBC

...
"They don't respect any rules usually," Mr Ghosn said.
...


http://www.cnbc.com/2016/01/08/driverless-cars-confused-by-cyclists.html

[B' Spokes: I can't help but think what most drivers think the rules for cyclists are: "Cyclists must stay out of the way of cars, even when there is no room for them to be out of the way." - So yeah, when the rules are not well known and we have to go to court to fight of misunderstandings of the law and what is safe, this is the result. Everyone for themselves!]
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CALTRANS: INCREASING CAPACITY UNLIKELY TO RELIEVE CONGESTION

Biking Elsewhere-> Transportation experts have repeatedly found that building new roads inevitably encourages more people to drive, which in turn negates any congestion savings—a phenomenon known as "induced demand." The California DOT (Caltrans) has linked to a policy brief outlining key research findings from years of study into induced demand (Increasing Highway Capacity Unlikely to Relieve Traffic Congestion: http://bit.ly/1NDk01a). What’s significant about the Caltrans acknowledgement is that induced demand creates something of a mission crisis for transportation agencies that spend most of their money on building new roads. http://bit.ly/1PErt4h


from CenterLines, the e-newsletter of the National Center for Bicycling & Walking.

[B' Spokes: And I'll repeat "What’s significant about the Caltrans acknowledgement is that induced demand creates something of a mission crisis for transportation agencies that spend most of their money on building new roads."... That is to say just like Maryland. :/ ]
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MEXICO CITY SUPERHERO WRESTLES FOR PEDESTRIANS

Biking Elsewhere-> The traffic light turns red at the busiest pedestrian crossing in Mexico City, used by around 9,000 people every hour. Tonight, a driver stops his grey Peugeot exactly on the crossing where the masses are trying to pass. A masked man dressed in black, his black and white striped cape, flapping behind him goes to the car, flings his cape over his shoulder, and pushes the Peugeot backwards to make space. "My name is Peatónito, and I fight for the rights of pedestrians," he says. http://bit.ly/1MTyv6k

from CenterLines, the e-newsletter of the National Center for Bicycling & Walking.
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LONDON, ENGLAND REQUIRES TRUCK UPGRADES TO PROTECT CYCLISTS

Biking Elsewhere-> Since September, the City of London has banned HGVs (heavy goods vehicles) without safety equipment to protect cyclists and pedestrians. Vehicles of more than 3.5 tons entering London must now be fitted with sideguards to protect cyclists from being dragged under the wheels in the event of a collision, along with Class V and Class VI mirrors to give the driver a better view of cyclists and pedestrians. Transport for London (TfL) is also planning to require HGVs to be fitted with larger windows to improve direct vision, and may also extend the scheme in the future to include sensors to detect cyclists. HGVs are disproportionately represented in cyclist deaths in the capital. Of the eight deaths so far this year, seven have involved HGVs. http://bit.ly/1Pwle3v

from CenterLines, the e-newsletter of the National Center for Bicycling & Walking.
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Urban sprawl as a risk factor in motor vehicle crashes

Biking ElsewhereAbstract

A decade ago, compactness/sprawl indices were developed for metropolitan areas and counties which have been widely used in health and other research. In this study, we first update the original county index to 2010, then develop a refined index that accounts for more relevant factors, and finally seek to test the relationship between sprawl and traffic crash rates using structural equation modelling. Controlling for covariates, we find that sprawl is associated with significantly higher direct and indirect effects on fatal crash rates. The direct effect is likely due to the higher traffic speeds in sprawling areas, and the indirect effect is due to greater vehicle miles driven in such areas. Conversely, sprawl has negative direct relationships with total crashes and non-fatal injury crashes, and these offset (and sometimes overwhelm) the positive indirect effects of sprawl on both types of crashes through the mediating effect of increased vehicle miles driven. The most likely explanation is the greater prevalence of fender benders and other minor accidents in the low speed, high conflict traffic environments of compact areas, negating the lower vehicle miles travelled per capita in such areas.

http://m.usj.sagepub.com/content/53/2/247.abstract?rss=1
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GAO REPORT: ACTIONS TO IMPROVE PED & CYCLIST SAFETY

Biking Elsewhere-> The GAO (U.S. Government Accountability Office) reviewed pedestrian and cyclist safety data and challenges in addressing pedestrian and cyclist fatalities and injuries as a growing percentage of all traffic fatalities and injuries. This report (Pedestrians and Cyclists: Cities, States, and DOT Are Implementing Actions to Improve Safety: http://1.usa.gov/1QYPvcz) examines: (1) trends in pedestrian and cyclist fatalities and injuries from 2004 through 2013 and characteristics of these fatalities and injuries; (2) safety initiatives selected states and cities have implemented and their views on challenges in addressing this issue; and (3) actions taken by DOT to help improve safety. http://1.usa.gov/1T0OLRL


from CenterLines, the e-newsletter of the National Center for Bicycling & Walking.
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How to grade what's next to the street

Biking Elsewhere[B' Spokes: It is my belief that what is next to the road is just as important as the bike/ped facilities on the road (ROW.) A short proof is biking or walking by the "auto mile" lots of shiny cars all packed in brightly colored parking lots, one right after another. That's a miserable walking or biking experience. On the other side, a tree lined street without every scrap of space dedicated to storage of unused automobiles, that can be a rather nice walking/biking experience, even with out facilities for biking or walking. In short, when we get what's next to the road wrong the more we need facilities for biking/walking. So that's why I am sharing this article with you.]

http://www.streetsblog.net/2016/01/07/a-letter-grade-system-for-walkable-retail-buildings/

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